Puppies will chew almost anything until they get their second teeth.
When she nips you, say: " No!" sharply and shake the scruff
of her neck then ignore her. If she chews something you don't want her
to, put a product called "Bitter Apple" on it. Also give her
a substitution, like a rawhide bone or a Kong Toy stuffed with dog food
that you've put in the freezer overnight.
Sometimes it also help to put your fist into the puppy's mouth when
she nips because their natural response is to to lick you when you
pull back. Then reward the lick with praise.
For the first 6 months we recommend crate training your puppy. If you
need specific advice on how to crate train, any library, pet store or
bookstore will have book on puppy care that will help you determine a
schedule. After a year you may not need the crate but your dog might
like it as her own quiet spot.
Contain your puppy in the crate for no longer than 4 hours at a time.
If you work outside the home all day, arrange for someone to let the
puppy out during the workday. Gradually you can extend the time but
to no more than 7 hours.
When your puppy is first confined she may cry. Ignore her. Then
when she's quiet, go in and reward her for being quiet. Do not give
her attention when she cries.
Establish a consistent morning routine. For example: puppy goes out,
eats, goes out again, has some play time, goes out a last time, then
gets confined. Give her a treat when you confine her and say something
like "I'll be back!" and walk away. You might leave a radio
on for her.
Never reprimand your puppy if she soils in the crate. She's still a
baby and doesn't have complete control yet.
Discourage your puppy from jumping on you by turning your back and
ignoring her. When she's stopped, give her attention.
Your puppy is used to being with her litter or other dogs. So keep
her with you whenever you can, in areas you can easily clean when
she's in the house. Establish where she will sleep and stick to it.
Puppies also need socialization with other dogs from the time they're
about 8 weeks old. So enroll your puppy in Puppy Kindergarten soon and
then progress to Obedience Classes.
Keep your puppy off slippery surfaces, which can cause hip and joint
problems later in his life.
Be very careful of your puppy around children and don't leave him
unsupervised around children. Children can unintentionally harm a
puppy and puppies have a tendency to nip and scratch.
Many vets recommend keeping your puppy on Vitamin C. Begin with 500
units and then over a period of 2 weeks increase to 1000 units gradually
decreasing again to 500 units for the rest of his life.
Some vets also recommend giving Vitamin E to puppies for muscular
development. Discuss these options with your vet.